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Articles in Press    

April 2017

Volume 3  Issue 1

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Short Communication

Surgical Management of Tracheal Stenosis

Mariano M. Boglione*

Patients with tracheal stenosis present with variable symptomatology depending on the age of the patient, the severity of the stenosis and the presence or absence of associated malformations. Surgical management of this pathology represents a complex technical challenge due to the fact that exists diverse lengths of stenosis, at different levels of the trachea and that can be associated with other pathologies or malformations that may require concomitant correction.

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Research Article

Clinical Quality Indicators as a Tool to Assess the Quality of End-of-Life Care in Lung Cancer Patients

Jürgens, Patricia; Lukasczik, Matthias; Seekatz, Bettina; van Oorschot, Birgitt*

This study sought to describe the quality of end-of-life care in a sample of lung cancer patients. Using routine data, it explored the correlations between several indicators of aggressive end-of-life care (tumor-specific treatment; emergency/intensive care treatment; involvement of palliative or hospice care services 3 days or less before death), the utilization of specialized palliative care, sociodemographic variables, and survival time.

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Review Article

Pneumothorax

Peter von Wichert*

To facilitate breathing the lungs are glidingly coupled to the lateral wall of the thorax by a small amount of liquid in the pleural cavity. Under normal conditions the pleural space is not a cavity. Therefore, during inspiration the lungs follow the movement of the thoracic wall outwards. If this coupling is interrupted by the entry of air into the pleural space, the lungs are no longer or only inadequately able to follow the inspiration movement of the thoracic wall.

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Review Article

Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome: 40 years of Exogenous Surfactant

Stefano Parmigiani, MD, PhD*

Pulmonary SF in nature is a lipoprotein essentially constituted by phospholipids and mainly by dipalmitoylphosphatidylcoline (DPPC), phosphatidylcoline (PC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) plus at least 4 surfactant-associated proteins (SP): SP-A, SP-B, SP-C, SP-D. These lasts account for about 5% of SF composition.

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Research Article

Are bronchial Diverticula Indicative of Chronic Cough?

A Agarwal*, T Rosenow and C P Murray

There has been recent interest in bronchial diverticula (BD) and their purported association with cigarette smoking and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The pathogenesis of BD is unknown, though prior authors have hypothesised that damage from cigarette smoke was important to their development. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of BD in subjects with chronic cough, using a diagnosis of usual interstitial pneumonitis as a surrogate, with or without coincident cigarette smoking or COPD.

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