Volume 1 Issue 1
Clinical and Radiological Manifestations of Congenital Tracheobronchomegaly (Mounier - Kuhn Sydrome)
Igor Kocijancic, MD, PhD; Pavel Kavcic*, MD
Mounier-Kuhn Syndrome is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by pathological dilation of the trachea and majorbronchi. Symptoms can range from minimal with preserved lung function to severe respiratory failure. Early recognition is important as it can lead to better management and prevention of complications. The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of the characteristic CT scan findings.
Pulmonary Function Testing of Patients with Chest Tightness Relieved with Bronchodilator
Hirokazu Taniguchi*,Yasuaki Masaki, Takeshi Tsuda, Hideaki Furuse, Kensuke Suzuki
Chest tightness is a common symptom of diverse diseases. Many patients who experience chest tightness consult their physicians, and they are usually diagnosed with cardiovascular or gastrointestinal disease. However, many patients remain undiagnosed and untreated. We hypothesize that some patients with chest tightness of unknown origin can be successfully treated with a bronchodilator or other asthma drugs.
Relationship of Change in 6-Minute Walking Test to Baseline Lung Hyperinflation in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Undergoing Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Yen-Hui Soong MD, Kristin Masket RPT, Leejoe Pallickal, Ahmet Baydur MD*
While quality of life has been shown to improve with participation in moderate intensity exercise programs, there is conflicting data on the magnitude of improvement in exercise capacity based on lung function deficit in patients undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), particularly with respect to lung volumes. Exertional dyspnea has been shown to correlate more strongly with lung hyperinflation, as expressed by a reduction in inspiratory capacity (IC) than with FEV1.
Axillary Crackles are more Prevalent than Basal Crackles in Asbestos Exposed Workers with Asbestosis
Henry J. Steer*, Bruce W.S. Robinson
Asbestos exposure can cause progressive fibrosis, known as asbestosis. It is essential to be able to detect the earliest changes of asbestosis in any worker exposed to asbestos to ensure that no further asbestos inhalation occurs. The World Health Organization says that 125 million workers are still exposed to asbestos. Each year, over 2 million metric tonnes of asbestos are mined, much of it used in developing countries, particularly in Asia.
A Systematic Review of Cardio-Pulmonary Exercise Testing as a Preoperative Assessment Tool
Goonewardene SS*, Persad R
Assessing patient fitness is central to patient care, especially for individuals at risk for intra- and post-operative complications. Despite the development of robotic surgery and minimally invasive procedures major surgical interventions remain a mainstay of treatment. Precise pre-operative assessment is required to minimize risk and for medical optimisation before and after surgical interventions.